- species-unique sense, called human uniqueness (HU) - what separates humans (and possibly machines) from animals such as refinement, moral sensibility, self-control, and rationality
- species-typical sense, referred to as human nature (HN) - what separates the biological from (some) computers, such as emotional responsiveness, prosocial warmth, cognitive openness, and individuality.
It’s interesting to think of the journey that virtual humans are making from Low HN - High HU to possibly High HN - Moderate HU.
- narrative self.
Marshall McLuhan’s Tetrad is a great way of considering any new technology or social change. We used to use it to analyse things like the Internet and Virtual Worlds, and we can usefully apply it to Virtual Humans and think about what they might Enhance, Reverse (slavery?), Retrieve and Obsolesce (us?).